Evaluation of the Damage Degree to Carbon-Fiber Composite Materials under Impact

Full Text

Open Access Open Access
Restricted Access Access granted
Restricted Access Subscription Access


The work presents the results of an experimental research of changes in the residual mechanical properties of the samples of carbon-fiber composites of various structures under combined low-velocity impact and static loads. The main objectives of this study were to obtain new experimental data on the processes of deformation and fracture of carbon-plastic composite materials under shock impact and static loads, as well as the creation of methods analyzing the degree of damage and tolerance to damage after shock loads using different non-destructive testing. Eight types of reinforcement structures were selected for the research. The experimental part was carried out at PNRPU Experimental Mechanics Center using the CEAST 9350 drop-weight test systems and the electromechanical Instron 5982. The test method was based on the standards ASTM D7136 and D7137. After the impact, the depth of the dents and, using non-destructive testing by the sherography method, the size of the discontinuity of the samples were measured. Damage tolerance was assessed using the magnitude of damage after impact. An assessment of the prospects of using the entered values for the design and manufacture of products from carbon-fiber composite materials of various reinforcement structures is given. The calculation of the destruction as a result of the impact was made. The process of the low-velocity impact is described in the diagrams of the dependence of force on displacements at various energy levels. The test results are presented in the form of diagrams of the maximum breaking load under compression describing the change in residual mechanical properties after the impact. The features of using direct and indirect methods of assessing the performance characteristics of the damaged samples are noted. The effect of the impact on the nature of fracture and deformation properties of the samples of carbon-fiber composite materials is analyzed.

Full Text

Restricted Access

About the authors

O A Staroverov

Perm National Research Polytechnic University

A V Babushkin

Perm National Research Polytechnic University

S M Gorbunov



  1. Bilisik K. Multiaxis three-dimensional weaving for composites: A review // Textile Research Journal. - 2012. - Vol. 82. - No. 7. - P. 725-743.
  2. Review of applications for advanced three-dimensional fibre textile composites / A.P. Mouritz, M.K. Bannister, P.J. Falzon, K.H. Leong // Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. - 1999. - Vol. 30. - No. 12. - P. 1445-1461.
  3. Халиулин В.И., Батраков В.В. Анализ применения инновационных методов для производства интегральных конструкций из композитов // Изв. высш. учеб. заведений. Авиационная техника. - 2016. - № 3. - С. 129-133.
  4. Полимерные композиционные материалы / С.Л. Баженов, А.А. Берлин, А.А. Кульков, В.Г. Ошмян. - Долгопрудный: Изд. дом «Интеллект», 2010. - 352 с.
  5. Garcia-Castillo Sh.K., Navarro C., Barbero E. Damage in preloaded glass/vinylester composite panels subjected to high-velocity impacts // Mechanics Research Communications. - 2014. - Vol. 55. - P. 66-71.
  6. Impact response of thick composite plates under uniaxial tensile preloading / N. Guillaud, C. Froustey, F. Dau, P. Viot // Composite Structures. - 2015. - Vol. 121. - P. 172-181.
  7. High velocity impact on preloaded composite plates / S. Heimbs, T. Bergmann, D. Schueler, N. Toso-Pentecôte // Composite Structures. - 2014. - Vol. 111. - P. 158-168.
  8. Moallemzadeh A.R., Sabeta S.A.R., Abedini H. Preloaded composite panels under high velocity impact // International Journal of Impact Engineering. - 2018. - Vol. 114. - P. 153-159.
  9. Lopresto V., Langella A., Papa I. Residual Strength evaluation after impact tests in extreme conditions on CFRP laminates // Procedia Engineering. - 2016. - Vol. 167. - P. 138-142.
  10. Saghafi H., Minak G., Zucchelli A. Effect of preload on the impact response of curved composite panels // Composites: Part B. - 2014. - Vol. 60. - P. 74-81.
  11. Martins R.D., Donadon M.V., Muller S.F. The effects of curvature and internal pressure on the compression-after-impact strength of composite laminates. de Almeida // Journal of Composite Materials. - 2016. - Vol. 50(6). - P. 825-848.
  12. Оценка остаточной прочности элементов композитных конструкций после низкоскоростного удара / И.В. Сергеичев, Ф.К. Антонов, А.А. Сафонов, А.Е. Ушаков // Проблемы машиностроения и надежности машин. - 2013. - № 1. - С. 36-44.
  13. A Numerical Study on the impact behaviour of an all-Composite Wing-box / A. Riccio, R. Ricchiuto, M. Damiano, F. Scaramuzzino // Procedia Engineering. - 2014. - Vol. 88. - P. 54-61.
  14. Analytical model to describe damage in CFRP specimen when subjected to low velocity impacts / M. Salvetti, A. Gilioli, C. Sbarufatti, K. Dragan, M. Chalimoniuk, A. Manes, M. Giglio // Procedia Engineering. - 2016. - Vol. 167. - P. 2-9.
  15. Romano F., Di Caprio F., Mercurio U. Compression after impact analysis of composite panels and equivalent hole method // Procedia Engineering. - 2016. - Vol. 167. - P. 182-189.
  16. Singh H., Hazarika B.Ch., Dey S. Low velocity impact responses of functionally graded plates // Procedia Engineering. - 2017. - Vol. 173. - P. 264-270.
  17. Kursun A., Senel M., Enginsoy Halil M. Experimental and numerical analysis of low velocity impact on a preloaded composite plate // Advances in Engineering Software. - 2015. - Vol. 90. - P. 41-52.
  18. Khan Sanan H., Sharma Ankush P., Parameswaran V. An Impact induced damage in composite laminates with intra-layer and inter-laminate damage // Procedia Engineering. - 2017. - Vol. 173. - P. 409-416.
  19. Singht H., Hazarika B.Ch., Dey S. Low velocity impact responses of functionally graded plates // Procedia Engineering. - 2017. - Vol. 173. - P. 264-270.
  20. Ait-Mohammed M., Tarfaoui M., Hassoon O. Numerical investigation of the damage in composite materials under dynamic loads using a combination of intralaminaire and interlaminaire model // American Society for Composites 31st Technical Conference and ASTM Committee D30 Meeting
  21. Heimbs S., Bergmann T. High-Velocity impact behaviour of prestressed composite plates under bird strike loading // International Journal of Aerospace Engineering. - 2012. - P. 1-11. doi: 10.1155/2012/372167
  22. The effects of pressure dependent constitutive model to simulate concrete structures failure under impact loads / S.N Mokhatar, Y. Sonoda, A.F. Kamarudin, M.S. Md Noh, S. Tokumaru // IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 995. - 2018. doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/995/1/012029
  23. A repair criterion for impacted composite structures based on the prediction of the residual compressive strength / R. Borrelli, S. Franchitti, F. Di Caprio, U. Mercurio, A. Zallo // Procedia Engineering. - 2014. - Vol. 88. - P. 117-124.
  24. Nikfar B., Njuguna J. Compression-after-impact (CAI) performance of epoxycarbon fibre-reinforced nanocomposites using nanosilica and rubber particle enhancement // IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering 64. - 2014. - 012009 doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/64/1/012009
  25. Caminero M.A., García-Moreno I., Rodríguez G.P. Experimental study of the influence of thickness and ply-stacking sequence on the compression after impact strength of carbon fibre reinforced epoxy laminates // Polymer Testing. - 2018. - Vol. 66. - P. 360-370.
  26. Compression after impact of flax/PLA biodegradable composites // Polymer Testing. - 2017. - Vol. 59. - P. 127-135.
  27. Lemanle Sanga R.P., Garnier C., Pantalé O. Approaches to simulate impact damages on aeronautical composite structures // AIP Conf. Proc. - 1932, 030024-1-030024-11. doi: 10.1063/1.5024174
  28. Stacking sequence effects on damage onset in composite laminate subjected to low velocity impact / A. Riccio, G. Di Felice, S. Saputo, F. Scaramuzzino // Procedia Engineering. - 2014. - Vol. 88. - P. 222-229.
  29. Воронов Л.В., Coles L.A., Нихамкин М.Ш. Экспериментальное исследование баллистического повреждения углепластика, используемого в авиастроении // Вестник Пермского национального исследовательского политехнического университета. Аэрокосмическая техника. - 2018. - № 54. - С. 5 16. doi: 10.15593/2224-9982/2018.54.01
  30. Experimental analysis of CFRP laminates subjected to compression after impact: The role of impact-induced cracks in failure / S. Rivallant, C. Bouvet, E. Abi Abdallah, B. Broll, J.-J. Barrau // Composite Structures. - 2014. - Vol. 111. - Р. 147-157.
  31. Numerical prediction of the low-velocity impact damage and compression after impact strength of composite laminates / W. Tan, B.G. Falzon, L.N.S. Chiu, M. Price // IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering 74. - 2015. - 012015. doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/74/1/012015
  32. ASTM D7137 / D7137M - 17. Standard Test Method for Compressive Residual Strength Properties of Damaged Polymer Matrix Composite Plates.

Copyright (c) 2021 Staroverov O.A., Babushkin A.V., Gorbunov S.M.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies