ACTIVE CONSTITUENTS OF PLANTS WITH HYPOGLYCEMIC POTENTIALS

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Abstract

Now in medical community are even more often discussed such concept as the complementary medicine (CM) and its integration into conventional medicine. One of the most widespread directions of CM is phytotherapy which is regulated by allowing documentation of bodies of health care and consequently it is included in conventional medicine. A serious problem of world health care is the diabetes mellitus. According to data of the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) for 2015, in the world there are 415 million people have the diagnosis a diabetes mellitus and by 2040 increase in number of patients up to 642 million. In Russian Federation 12,1 million people are sick a diabetes mellitus. For prophylaxis and at early stages of development of a diabetes mellitus of the 2nd type phytotherapy is recommended. Now there is the active searching of plants with hypoglycemic activity. The pharmacological effect of plants is caused by the biologically the active materials (BAM) which are their part which are very various on structure and, respectively, on the effect which had by them. The review of results of the researches confirming presence of hypoglycemic activity at the BAМ, most widespread in flora is provided in article (phenolic substances, polysaccharides, alkaloids, etc.), mechanisms of their action are described. The submitted data demonstrate that from a position of evidential medicine searching and development of the new means of a phytogenesis allowing to expand the range of the medicines applied at a diabetes mellitus are expedient. At the same time the greatest effect of phytotherapy can be reached when using the multicomponent herbal teas containing a larger range of BAM in comparison with individual plants that will allow to influence pathogenetic processes of a disease.

About the authors

Renata Fayzullina

Башкирский государственный медицинский университет

Author for correspondence.
Email: farenata@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2176-1525
SPIN-code: 8817-3670

кандидат фармацевтических наук, доцент кафедры фармакогнозмм с курсом ботаники и основ фитотерапии

450008, Россия, Уфа, ул. Ленина, 3.

Alfiya Akhmetyanova

Email: a-alfia@ya.ru

Natalya Kudashkina

Email: phytoart@mail.ru

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Copyright (c) Fayzullina R., Akhmetyanova A., Kudashkina N.

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